Vladimir Nabokov

NABOKV-L post 0021099, Sun, 26 Dec 2010 12:14:56 -0200

[NABOKOV-L] Frills, quills and thrills:Newport frill,
torquated beauty, pierrot
1. John Shade, lines 900/01
Or this dewlap: some day I must set free / The Newport Frill inveterate in me.
Could the Newport Frill be connected to a Pierrot frill, a necklace, a collar and to ...
"Torquated beauty, sublimated grouse,/ Finding your China right behind my house."

2. Charles Kinbote on John shade: "He wore snowboots, his vicuña collar was up, his abundant gray hair looked berimed in the sun."
Vicuña is a relative to the camel and the alpaca and by 1960 it was close to extinction. Why would Nabokov have stressed Shade's non-ecological tastes? Were vicuña collars fashionable then?

The word I was exploring was "collar," related to "clavicle," "torquated beauty," "ruff," "frill," "necklace" - but "dewlap" "vicunã" and "berimed" deserved an additional google-search. Results (inconclusive):


c.1300, from O.Fr. coler "neck, collar" (12c., Mod.Fr. collier), from L. collare "necklace, band or chain for the neck," from collum "the neck," from PIE *kwol-o- "neck" (cf. O.N., M.Du. hals "neck"), lit. "that on which the head turns," from base *kwel- "move round, turn about" (see cycle). As a verb, from 1550s, "to grab (someone) by the collar or neck;" meaning "to capture" is attested from 1610s. In figurative senses, white-collar is first attested 1919; blue-collar from 1950.
The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English | 2006 | © The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English 2009, originally published by Oxford University Press 2009.

col·lar / ˈkälər/
• n. 1. a band of material around the neck of a shirt, dress, coat, or jacket, either upright or turned over and generally an integral part of the garment.;
a band of leather or other material put around the neck of a domestic animal, esp. a dog or cat ; a colored marking resembling a collar around the neck of a bird or other animal; a heavy rounded part of the harness worn by a draft animal, which rests at the base of its neck on the shoulders. 2. a restraining or connecting band, ring, or pipe in machinery. 3. Bot. the part of a plant where the stem joins the roots.• v. 1. [tr.] put a collar on. 2. [tr.] inf. seize, grasp, or apprehend (someone): police collared the culprit. approach aggressively and talk to (someone who wishes to leave): he collared a departing guest for some last words.

As long as it has been in English the word collar has meant something that went around people’s necks, usually as part of their clothing. That was about 600 years ago. We got it from French and the French in turn got it from Latin; the usual old story. But the Romans built the word collar from something else, even though they usually wore togas which didn’t have collars. The reason Romans chose this word for something that went around the neck was was because their word for “neck” was collum.
Now it may seem that a person’s neck holds up their head just as a column does the roof of an old Roman building, but the two words are different and come from different roots.
The collum that gave us collar came from roots in Indo-European that meant to “turn around.” So it’s because we can turn our heads on our necks that the neck got called the collum. This idea that the neck might be named because of its ability to turn isn’t unique to Latin. In Old English one of the words for “neck” was hales. That word also derives from the same Indo-European root related “to turn” and in fact is also related to the word wheel.
The word neck did exist in Old English as hnecca but it really referred to the back of the neck, just as the throat might be thought of as referring to the front of the neck today.
The all time champion at turning heads—its own head anyway—is the owl. An owl seems able to turn its head almost like a Barbie doll. Our vertebra have a bunch of little pokey parts sticking out that interlock with the bones above and below in the spinal column to prevent us turning our heads too much and damaging the nerves inside. But an owl needs to be able to turn its head more than we do because it can’t actually turn its eyes in its sockets. An owl’s eyes aren’t round. So an owl has twice as many vertebra in its neck to give it that extra twisting action.
Now an owl doesn’t wear a collar, but dogs do. A quote by that Scottish poet Robbie Burns relates. He wrote:
His locked, letter’d, braw brass collar
Shew’d him the gentleman and scholar.
The “gentleman and scholar” Burns is talking about is a dog and dog collars have been called collars in English just about as long as people’s collars. The first citation though wasn’t for a dog, but for a cat. This was in the 1300s and the cat’s collar was to have a bell. But these were not to be placed on the cat’s neck, but instead on his hals. There’s that Old English “neck” word again and it shows that even well after William the Conqueror’s invasion of 1066, Old English persisted. In fact the cat-collar citation is in a sentence that’s full of Old English alphabetical characters that we don’t recognize anymore; characters not as recognizable as A and B but instead called thorn and yogh. Trying to read it kind of makes your head spin collar – podictionary 602

COLLARBONE is related to the scapulae (omoplates) and externum, thanks to the turning of the clavicle
In human anatomy, the clavicle or collar bone is a small bone that serves as a strut between the scapula and the sternum. It makes up part of the shoulder and the pectoral girdle and is palpable in all people, and, in people who have less fat in this region, the location of the bone is clearly visible as it creates a bulge in the skin.
It receives its name from the Latin: clavicula ("little key") because the bone rotates along its axis like a key when the shoulder is abducted.

DEWLAP - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A dewlap is a longitudinal flap of skin that hangs beneath the lower jaw or neck of many vertebrates. While the term is usually used in this specific context, it can also be used to include other structures occurring in the same body area with a similar aspect, such as those caused by a double chin or the submandibular vocal sac of a frog. In a more general manner, the term refers to any pendulous mass of skin, such as a fold of loose skin on an elderly person's neck, or the wattle of a bird. (cf. neck frill)

a.. 1145: wench, marrie she had a better Loue to berime her: Dido
—Romeo and Juliet (1623 First Folio Edition)

a.. Webster's Online Dictionary
Definition: berimed

Part of Speech Definition
Verb Past Tense 1. Seldom used past tense conjugation of the verb berime.[Eve - graph theoretic]
Verb Base
(berime) 1. To berhyme.[Websters].
2. Seldom used base verb from the following inflections: beriming, berimed, berimes, berimer, berimers, berimingly and berimedly.[Eve - graph theoretic]
Sources: compiled from various sources, (under license) copyright 2008.

Computed Synonyms: berimed
Rank Intensity Word Synonyms Synonyms of synonym
1 4.3397 berimed berhymed versed, poetized, chanted, rhymed, rimed
2 4.2095 berimed poetized poeticized, versed, rhymed, composed, berhymed
3 2.5097 berimed rimed hoared, gelled, jellied, rimmed, iced
4 2.2096 berimed versed poemed, rhymed, expert, experienced, skilled
5 1.3095 berimed rhymed versed, poemed, rhyming, jingled, lined
6 1.2094 berimed carolled chanted, warbled, hymned, chirped, anthemmed
7 1.2094 berimed chanted descanted, tuned, carolled, chant, chanting
8 1.2094 berimed hymned anthemmed, psalmed, carolled, lauded, praised
9 1.2094 berimed metricized metricated
10 1.2094 berimed tuned barreled, casked, butted, accommodated, placed
11 1.2093 berimed descanted tuned, chanted, aired, strained, trebled
12 1.2092 berimed lampooned satired, pamphletted, squibed, libelled, pasquinaded

ruffle, gathering, tuck, ruff, flounce, ruche, ruching, furbelow, purfle net curtains with frills
plural noun
trimmings, extras, additions, fuss, jazz (slang), dressing up, decoration(s), bits and pieces, icing on the cake, finery, embellishments, affectation(s), ornamentation, ostentation, frippery, bells and whistles, tomfoolery, gewgaws, superfluities, fanciness, frilliness, fandangles The booklet restricts itself to facts without frills.
no frills plain, ordinary, modest, unpretentious, without extras, unostentatious, without trimmings, with no fancy bits, without bells and whistles plain, simple cooking in no-frills surroundings Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


n frill [fril]
1 a decorative edging to a piece of cloth, made of a strip of cloth gathered along one side and sewn on She sewed a frill along the bottom of the skirt. 2 (often in plural) something unnecessary added as decoration adj frilled, ˈfrilly :decorated with frills a frilled curtain; a frilly dress.
Link to this page:

frill (frl)
1. A ruffled, gathered, or pleated border or projection, such as a fabric edge used to trim clothing or a curled paper strip for decorating the end of the bone of a piece of meat.
2. A ruff of hair or feathers about the neck of an animal or a bird.
3. A wrinkling of the edge of a photographic film.
4. Informal Something that is desirable but not a necessity; a luxury. See Synonyms at luxury.
v. frilled, frill·ing, frills
1. To make into a ruffle or frill.
2. To add a ruffle or frill to.
To become wrinkled along the edge.


[Origin unknown.]


frilli·ness n.
frilly adj.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


frill [frɪl]

1. (Clothing & Fashion) a gathered, ruched, or pleated strip of cloth sewn on at one edge only, as on garments, as ornament, or to give extra body
2. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Zoology) a ruff of hair or feathers around the neck of a dog or bird or a fold of skin around the neck of a reptile or amphibian
3. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Breeds) Full name oriental frill (often capital) a variety of domestic fancy pigeon having a ruff of curled feathers on the chest and crop
4. (Miscellaneous Technologies / Photography) Photog a wrinkling or loosening of the emulsion at the edges of a negative or print
5. (often plural) Informal a superfluous or pretentious thing or manner; affectation he made a plain speech with no frills
1. (tr) to adorn or fit with a frill or frills
2. to form into a frill or frills
3. (Miscellaneous Technologies / Photography) (intr) Photog (of an emulsion) to develop a frill
[perhaps of Flemish origin]
frilliness n
frilly adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003

ThesaurusLegend: Synonyms Related Words Antonyms
Noun 1. frill - (paleontology) a bony plate that curves upward behind the skull of many ceratopsian dinosaurs
plate - any flat platelike body structure or part
fossilology, palaeontology, paleontology - the earth science that studies fossil organisms and related remains
2. frill - an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal
external body part - any body part visible externally
3. frill - a strip of pleated material used as a decoration or a trim
flounce, furbelow, ruffle
adornment - a decoration of color or interest that is added to relieve plainness
gauffer, goffer - an ornamental frill made by pressing pleats
jabot - a ruffle on the front of a woman's blouse or a man's shirt
peplum - a flared ruffle attached to the waistline of a dress or jacket or blouse
4. frill - ornamental objects of no great value
falderol, folderal, gimcrack, gimcrackery, nonsense, trumpery
decoration, ornament, ornamentation - something used


Century Dictionary (2 definitions)
1.. Having or wearing a torque.
2.. In zoology, same as torquate.
GNU Webster's 1913 (1 definition)
1.. Having or wearing a torque, or neck chain.
We don't have any examples for torquated, but we're constantly adding material, so please check back soon.

Torquated has been looked up 193 times, favorited 0 times, listed 3 times, commented on once, and has a Scrabble score of 19.

Occurrences of the word "torquated" per million words:

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a.. torquated - comments on torquated at Wordnik.com
Torquated beauty, sublimated grouse, Finding your China right behind my house. " Pale Fire"; lines 25-26. first listed by: sionnach. appears in these lists: ...
www.wordnik.com/words/torquated/comments - Em cache

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